A Pair of #Etruscan#Bronze#Lion#Protomes
ca. 620-600 B.C.
H: 7.8 and 8.1 cm
Ex-Nelson Bunker Hunt and William Herbert Hunt collection, USA.
These protomes are #spectacular.They are completely hollow cast, including the lions’ heads. Vertical bronze stems with traces of iron still appear on the inside, near the opening.
Although the resemblance is not conclusive, the animal represented here is probably a lion, as suggested in particular by the open, snarling mouth revealing menacing fangs and a clearly visible tongue. Some elements, however, are not related to a wild cat’s anatomy: the shape of the @skull, for instance, rather suggests a #dog’s head, the mane (rendered by long incisions separated by a central part) evokes a horse mane, and the ears (elongated and turned backward) resemble those of certain dog breeds. The legs – two long, thin stems with claws indicated at the ends – were cast separately and then soldered to the nape of the neck; the part that widens in connection with the soldering that represents the cat’s shoulder. This combination of details belonging to different animals – which is one of this piece’s most significant interests – is certainly linked to the fact that the sculptor had no direct knowledge of wild cats, since this species did not live in central Italy at the time. Like other contemporary Etruscan artists, he reproduced these bronzes relying on pieces imported from Greece and Near East, which were largely widespread in Etruria during the 7th century.
Though there is no doubt that these objects were cast, their shape and style, including the absence of modeling, resemble the griffon and lion protomes, made using the cold hammering technique, which adorned the #cauldrons found in Etruscan #princely tombs dated to the mid-7th century B.C. (the Regolini-Galassi tomb at Cerveteri, for example). Similar pieces are more common in the 6th century and often decorate andirons; their protomes also take other shapes (griffin, eagle or horse’s head). Stylistically and chronologically, an ornamental finial with a #griffin head, originating from Vulci and now in the British Museum (London), is a close parallel to our example.
Question of the night: Do you have a familiar?
•• ✨Bast of beauty and of grace
Protectress of the feline Race
Shield Charlie from all hurt and harm
And keep him always safe and warm
Watch over Charlie from day to day
And guide him home if he should stray
Grant him much happiness
And a good life free of stress✨
I adopted Charlie a little over two years ago~! He caught my eye one day while I was ironically getting fish food at the pet store. He was a small Astro kitten, and he and I just gravitated to each other. He hasn’t left my side since! I have two other cats, but the bond between Charlie and I is unlike any other pet I’ve ever had. He’s such a curious little bean, especially during my rituals.
I haven’t posted in a while, my apologies! Just a quick update: it’s not too late to join the #faerynswitchybookclub . The posts are found on my page. I’m going to try to do daily posts from now on. I hope you have a magical night!! 🌜✨🌛
Today ist all about editing. What do you prefer? 1) the glittery, sparkly and colorful version? Or 2) the glittery, sparkly but less colorful/a bit more natural version?
I really want to know your opinion 🙈☺️💖
33 5276:13 PM May 30, 2018
I need some cleansing right now.
Will do some meditation before I go to work. My mind is so messed up and I dunno why. Any tips ?